A new species of Chameleon, Brookesia micra, was recently discovered o Nosy Hara, a small island near Madagascar. These little guys explore limestone boulders during the day and roost in lay lowing vegetation at night. This tiny species is one of the worlds smallest reptiles and is only 1 inch long.
Their incredibly small size is a result of island dawrfism, an evolutionary condition in which animals slowly sink in size. This condition is common on islands with limited resources, but the opposite, island gigantism, can occur due to a lack of preditors. Many new species are being discovered due to conservation efforts.